This is in July 1841 as Henri comes to the world
June 4, 2012 7:18 AM
Henri Fayol, is a lost battle. An intellectual battle, which opposed it in full first world war to the American Frederick Taylor, father of the scientific organization of labour. When Taylor disappears in 1915, Fayol has not yet published its "industrial and Administration General", which will be released the following year. Taylor, he presented his theories in his master book, "the principles of scientific Management", which was a huge success in the United States and Europe as early as 1911. This is in part to counter the growing influence of his rival that Fayol decided to sunset the fruit of his thoughts in writing. Sentence lost! "Taylorism" has many support at France, including that of Henry Le Chatelier, Professor at the College of France and President of the society of encouragement to the domestic industry, or Charles de Frminville, technical director of Panhard and Levassor plants. It is a growing success, as evidenced by the first experiences of Louis Renault at Billancourt or Marius Berliet in Vnissieux from before 1914. Even the son of Fayol displays its preferences for the ideas of the American theorist, which he published a praise in 1918, to the chagrin of his father.
The competition between the two schools of thought more after the war. In 1919, Henri Fayol creates Administrative Studies Centre to spread its principles. Two years later, the tayloriens are same with the Conference of the French organization, at the outset more active than its rival. The two associations will merge in 1926, one year after the death of Fayol, to give birth to the national Committee of the French organization (CNOF). The CNOF will soon supply fayolien to the memory portion. The ideas of the French industrial resurface after the second world war by American consultants! At the time of productivism, they disseminate the ideas of what is today considered the founder of the reflection on the Organization of the company and management. Strange glance of history...
Many ways, the life of Henri Fayol is a succession of fighting to impose its ideas. Fighting against Taylor and his own son declared traitor to the cause! Against the bigotry of his wife. Against his fellow engineers out of the prestigious Parisian schools that will take a little high. Against the shareholders of the Commentry-Fourchambault company and perhaps also his own father, with whom relations were never warm probably.
Foreman in metallurgy, his father, Andr Fayol, is "expatriate" in Turkey in the early 1840s to work on the site of a metallic bridge and in the workshops of guns of the Sultan in Istanbul. This is, in July 1841, as Henri comes to the world. Later, from follow the paternal, he will do everything to depart. At the Ecole des mines, it will decline to opt for specialization in metallurgy. Subsequently, it will resell Fourchambault metallurgical shops and take the exact opposite of the strategy of Schneider which has moved its activity to the downstream, including cannon and steam engines , choosing to focus on the mine and steel heavy. Industrial logic Perhaps not only.
Back in France, Henri Fayol pursues a brilliant tuition for first at the lyce of Lyon, and then at the Ecole des mines de Saint-Etienne, which it second in 1860. That same year, he made his entry to the Commentry-Fourchambault company. It will be throughout his career, accessing the branch in 1888. Remarkable journey, certainly, which does him attracted yet never the esteem of his peers. In the eyes of graduate colleagues in the Mines of Paris as to those of the Polytechnique, Henri Fayol will remain a graduate engineer of a school of province. They also reproached him for daring to criticize the selection by mathematics. Simple coincidence or consequence of unorthodox opinions When it will be in 1918 at the Academy of sciences, he preferred a multi-skilled.
His career, Fayol the must therefore himself, his pragmatism and his professional skill. These qualities are revealed upon entering the Commentry-Fourchambault company. Collieries where he was posted as a young engineer are famous in all the France for their underground fires. Against this scourge, use wants to be mature galleries in fire and that we then noie mine, at the risk of sacrificing the miners who were unable to go back in time. Fayol, he proposes to start another process: digging of galleries over fire and water with a mixture of water and clay, the gangue of mud enclosing coal quickly stifling the loss. To allow minors to move closer to the fire, he designed also suits powered air models. Highly innovative, these solutions earned the esteem of the miners who appreciate this young engineer always very attentive to their security. They are also in 1878, the Gold Medal of the society of the mineral industry.
Considered by the Executive, Henri Fayol yet has difficulty in moulding in the hierarchy. He protested strongly when in 1861, the Director of the company, in a well visit, interrupting a site that he himself hadOpen a few days earlier. In this episode, it will draw a trenchant criticism of the exercise of the power that allows the Director of a company to issue direct orders to all staff. Formalized in 1916, the thought of Fayol is, in large part, the sum of his own personal experiences.
In 1866, strong results in the fight against the fires, Henri Fayol is appointed at the head of the Commentry coal. It will soon add those Montvicq and mines of Berry. While leader, he published many, on the timbering, ground movements or the formation of the coalfields. Simple hobbies Not only. Upon his appointment, in fact, Henri Fayol objected to the objectives set by its Directorate-General. While it would exploit the sites, Fayol seeks to preserve deposits including reducing production while improving the technical conditions for mining. Conducted in an orderly manner, subject to systematic reviews in the Academy of sciences, his Commentry basin studies aim to a rational exploitation of the coalfield.
In the 1870s and 1880s, Henri Fayol is also refining its thinking on the "jurisdiction of the heads". A course cannot be universal jurisdiction to achieve, he opposed that based on the administrative capacity. No matter, he said in substance, that the business manager is technically incompetent, that he relies on a good "Administrative Tools", or, in the spirit of Fayol, how a chart retailer specific functions of each, regular contacts between the Director General and the various heads of service, and modern means of communication. Thus the telephone, which he shows a supporter as early as 1879 and would "connect branch offices to workshops, stores to the station and the different points of the central office between them.
Henri Fayol think then to pursue an academic career Everything seems to suggest. However, in 1888, the Board of Directors of the socit Commentry-Fourchambault offers him the position of General Manager of the company in lieu of Alfred of Sessevale. Appointed four years earlier, this last which belongs to one of the founding families led the collieries bankrupt, partly due to questionable choice, partly because of the collapse of the price of iron. Fayol hesitates, aware that the mission will be difficult. It must seek to sell the company. This mission, the new Director General seeks to the carry out throughout the year 1888, without success. Very bad point, Commentry-Fourchambault company not seduced no buyer. Fayol then decides to do everything to save the company.
And it will achieve this, showing as good industrial that inspired theoretician. After closed the plant of Fourchambault mechanical constructions, he undertakes to compensate the depletion of deposits of Commentry in redeploying the business first in Decazeville which he bought the mines and factories in 1892 and then to the East, where iron ore is less expensive to extract, and in the North, acquiring Joudreville mines and building a steel mill to bridge-to-Vendin latest. To do this, Fayol obtains its Board of Directors to open the capital of the company. A successful strategy focusing on growth and investment on the distribution of profits and, for this reason, is not always to the liking of the shareholders. Repeatedly, Henri Fayol will be vivid explanation with the Board of Directors, who would like to enjoy more the fruit of renewed growth. Recognizing, Board the nevertheless cooptera in her breast in 1900.
In 1914, Henri Fayol can boast of having society on foot. It is then, seventy-three years old, he decided to bring together fifty years of notes into a book, founding act of the "fayolism." "The industrial and General Administration" was released in 1916. It defines five keys to the management functions: anticipate and plan, organizing (i.e. munir undertaking everything what is useful to its operation), order (getting the best out of employees), coordinating (place of harmony between all acts) and control (check if everything goes according to the defined program). This does not preclude, in 1916, to spy on Decazeville unions by the janitor of the plant. Pioneer of modern management, Henri Fayol still very conservative socially. His eyes, a responsible Union is a Union which includes the management position.
Maintained his position because of the war, Henri Fayol is finally retiring in 1918. In the years that followed, while locked firmly against the tayloriens, he seeks to put his ideas in the service of society. He felt that industry should influence the political decisions and which had stigmatized the "danger of the politicians, who are not defined in cost" does meet however little success in this new mission. The report entrusted administration positions is buried like his plans for reform of the monopoly of tobacco, probably too radical. Widely misunderstood of his countrymen, he died in 1925.